Income and livelihood diversification

Diversifying sources of income or types of livelihoods may be necessary during stressful periods where normal agricultural livelihoods do not provide an adequate source of income for households as a result of drought. In normal years, incomes are drawn from cultivation, agricultural labour, dairy, and petty business. Examples of commonly used additional sources of income include: selling seeds, raising pigs, selling dairy products, bee keeping, making stabilized mud blocks, and fruit preservation and processing. Efforts to reduce household expenses during stressful times also include creating kitchen gardens to reduce dependence on the market. Community self-help groups are another way to promote and facilitate training on alternative livelihood strategies. 

Climate Related Risk

Increased variability of crop yields, Reduction in crop yields, Drought, Drying trend

Form of Option


Country of Origin





The option exists in a real setting and was not created as part of the project.

Institution / Legal Reach

Change in norms or ways of doing things