Small-scale agricultural techniques for integrated soil fertility management

Small-scale farmers can use a variety of techniques to conserve soil moisture and fertility. Three techniques highlighted in this project include: 1) Mulching is used by small-scale farmers that depend on rain-fed agriculture to maintain or increase soil moisture content as well as for increasing soil fertility. 2) The Zai technique is a traditional technique of West Africa consisting of digging holes around the crops to help retain water and nutrients. 3) Mixed species cropping helps to reduce wind damage. It consists of planting taller trees in between legumes and other crops to shelter them from wind. 4) Mucuna crop covering with corn is an adaptation option to increase corn yields by improving soil and reducing the invasion of weeds. Mucuna seeds would have to be distributed to farmers.

Climate Related Risk

Changes in precipitation, Extreme wind episodes, Drought

Form of Option

Ecosystem-based, Technological

Country of Origin




The option exists in a real setting and was not created as part of the project.

Institution / Legal Reach

Change in norms or ways of doing things