Those whose livelihoods depend on the exploitation of a natural resource, such as fishers, may choose to migrate (e.g.
In place of water flow regulating infrastructure such as dams, fishers can seek insurance to guard against changes in river flow that could negatively impact their livelihoods.
Similar to livelihood diversification, migration has been used as an adaptation response to changing climate and changes to available income sources.
As both the climate and economic viability of traditional agricultural livelihoods are changing, households are autonomously pursuing different off-farm livelihood strategies in order to better adapt.
A number of strategies were identified to diversify income sources for households impacted by environmental change, including: 1) Dry fish preparation and trading: Similar to coir preparation and trading, women self-help groups helped train househ
Depending on the specific condition of the agricultural land, the report recommended planting flood or drought resistant crop varieties.
In the Chilika Lake region, many water bodies and surrounding ecological features were not functioning properly. This led to water-logging which aggravated the flood risk.
As part of a series of projects to improve the ecosystem resilience and function of water sources in the region.
Rainwater harvesting structures were constructed to improve water availability in the community. This water was used primarily for irrigation but also drinking water.
Soil erosion around rivers was identified as a major issue. This solution proposed plants around the river to strength the embankments and prevent further erosion.