Small-scale farmers can use a variety of techniques to conserve soil moisture and fertility.
Zero-till farming, also known as no-till or conservation tillage farming, is a way of growing crops from year to year without disturbing the soil through tillage.
This framework was formulated by the Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation in India to facilitate a form of micro-watershed development. A major objective is to drought-proof the land by building water-harvesting structures that would provide drinking as well as irrigation water.
A Water Sharing Agreement developed mechanisms to monitor and equitably distribute water when it became available. Water supply forecasts and water rationing strategies for irrigation and non-irrigation users were formulated.
Community participation is the key to watershed development programs, particularly when an area is at risk of drought and depleting water resources. For instance, a committee called a Watershed Community can be established.
Insuring crops provides a safety net during crop failures. All villages surveyed in the studied region of India reported having insurance with coverage of 20-25% of households in each case.
Diversifying sources of income or types of livelihoods may be necessary during stressful periods where normal agricultural livelihoods do not provide an adequate source of income for households as a result of drought.
Using the watershed as the basis for land use decisions supports better water management and more sustainable development of land and water resources.
Distress sales involve the sale of jewelry, cattle and land. It is largely observed in small/marginal landholders that resort to sale of assets during stressful times as a result of reduced agricultural yields.
The project seeks to restore Warouaye Lake, a an agricultural area and is now a residential area. The area is flat and often received short, heavy bursts of rain.